Gallium Toxicity Symtoms, Sources and Treatments
Gallium Toxicity Sources:
- Analogue integrated circuits and optoelectronic devices (light-emitting diodes, laser diodes,
photodetectors and solar cells) are the most common sources.
- Wets glass or porcelain to create mirrors.
- Dental materials, microwave components, high-temp thermometers.
- Semi-conductors, transistors, telecommunications materials, fluorescent lamps.
Synergistic for Gallium Uptake/Retention:
- Intestinal absorption increased by carboxlc acids (e.g., citric acid), iron deficiency.
Antagonistic for Gallium Uptake/Retention:
Gallium Physiological Interactions in the Body:
- Absorption from intestines in inhibited by phosphate
- Citric acid may help detoxify
- May deposit in liver, spleen, brain, renal cortex, and bone.
- Urine is major route of excretion.
- May irritate mucosal membranes, decrease gastric function, and trigger kidney tubular damage.
- Can bind to hydroxyapatite in bone.
Symptoms of Excessive Gallium Exposure:
- Rapid weight loss
- Mucosal irritation
- Gastrointestinal distress
Gallium Toxicity Treatment:
- Limit exposure to gallium
- I.V. or oral chelation
- Repeat Gallium toxicity test to verify success of chelation
Genova Diagnostics Toxic & Nutrient Elements Chart
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